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Key facts on gender and energy
Globally, these are the key current facts on gender and energy:
- 70% of the world's poor are women.
- 2.4 billion people rely on traditional biomass for energy. This includes wood, agricultural residues and cowdung.
- 4 out of 5 people do not have access to electricity.
- Women and children are the hardest hit. Mothers in many countries cook with babies strapped to their backs, exposing the infants' lungs to harmful smoke.
- Exposure to indoor air pollution is responsible for nearly 2 million excess deaths, primarily women and children, from cancer, respiratory infections and lung diseases.
- Women in all developing countries spend between 2-9 hours a day collecting fuelwood and fodder and performing cooking chores.
- The opportunity costs of these activities frequently excludes women from undertaking income generating activities, which deprives poor families of much needed income.